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Vedas

Vedas in sanskrit  means knowledge is derived from the root vid- “to know”.The texts constitute the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism.According to Hindu tradition, the Vedas are not of human agency and  are supposed to have been directly revealed, and thus are called sruti.

Vedas are divided into four

  • The Rigveda Samhita is the oldest extant Indic text.It is a collection of 1,028 Vedic Sanskrit hymns and 10,600 verses in all, organized into ten books.The books were composed by poets from different priestly groups over a period of several centuries, commonly dated to the period of roughly the second half of the 2nd millennium BC.
  • The Yajurveda Samhita consists of archaic prose mantras and also in part of verses borrowed and adapted from the Rigveda.
  • The Samaveda Samhita  consists of 1549 stanzas, taken almost entirely (except for 78 stanzas) from the Rigveda.
  • The Artharvaveda Samhita is the text ‘belonging to the Atharvan and Angirasa poets. It has 760 hymns, and about 160 of the hymns are in common with the Rigveda.The Atharvaveda is concerned with the material world or world of man and in this respect differs from the other three vedas. Atharvaveda also sanctions the use of force, in particular circumstances and similarly this point is a departure from the three other vedas.
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